I agree that setting it all up takes time, but I was surprised to read how quickly the fence would grow in and start producing (though I’ll need to re-read my own links to remember the details). The University of Minnesota has been breeding cold-hardy apples for years, including the wonderful ‘Honeycrisp‘. This method of tree training is attracting interest with New Zealand gardeners keen to create a compact and attractive tree feature. “People have always grown step-overs, fans and espaliers, but that is about the limit. Small-Space Support Photo by Dale Horchner. If you're used to buying our magazine from the shops, you can now order and receive the next issue delivered to your home, Jon Stokes on why we all need trees in our lives, Sorbus tree: how to grow and which to plant, The best gardening knives for pruning and more. This is because, as a result of the espalier / fan training process, a trained tree will not reach the same mature height as a free-standing tree would. Usually, they’re trained on supports against a wall or fence. “Here again the central stem is broken so it’s a lovely, easily managed espalier shape once it is set.”, Minimum three years. This tradition comes from eastern France and Belgium and trained fruit is still most popular there.”, It was in France that he bought an old French book on the subject, Encyclopédie Des Formes Fruitières by Jacques Beccaletto. Helen Battersby is a gardener, a writer, a power-walker and a garden coach, not always in that order! Discover some of the most glorious gardens from around the world.Find out more, Already have an account with us? This allows you to select two  shoots to train from almost exactly the same point of the stem.” There is a reason only apple and pear trees are trained in these extravagant ways. We garden in Toronto's east end, but poke our green noses into growing spaces all over. Drop that trowel & please add your comments! By entering your details, you are agreeing to Gardens Illustrated terms and conditions and privacy policy. Espalier is the venerable practice of controlling plant growth and training fruit trees so that they grow flat against a wall or fence (other styles can be referred to as fans, cordons or pleach.) If you're used to buying our magazine from the shops,  you can now order and receive the next issue delivered to your home. Find out how to create an espalier fruit tree screen, using apples or pears – or a mix of both – below. My first real espalier tree was the Asian pear I planted along the fireplace a few years ago. Espaliered tree at Palais Het Loo, Netherlands. Deciduous trees are especially suited to espalier. For most trained fruit tree projects where you have a typical 6ft / 1.7m fence you will probably need to use a semi-vigorous rootstock - MM106 for apples, St. Julien for plums, Colt for cherries, and Quince A for pears. And you’ll find a more scholarly article by Lee Reich in this PDF from the Arnold Arboretum. “We train using his system, which means always pruning in the second week of August.” At this time, shortening days send a signal to the plant not to put on further growth, and all energy goes into making fruit buds instead. A Belgian fence is a lattice-pattern espalier – tree(s) or shrub(s) pruned and trained to grow flat. There are few more ornamental ways of covering a good wall or fence than with a fan or espalier fruit tree. A central stem can be selected from the cluster to carry the  shape on upwards. (There was a somewhat sad attempt I made with an apple tree whip before that but I planted it in an area that is now heavily shaded and it’s not doing well.) Often, they’re fruit trees/shrubs, allowing you to create your own little orchard in a small space. The crossing branches can fuse together, either by nicking the bark where they cross or sometimes on their own. You can unsubscribe at any time. This creates a cluster of buds on one point of the stem which will then all grow at the same level, and makes it easy to select two branches to train horizontally, or at 45 degrees for a Belgian fence. Each brace measures 0.75m long and they extend approx. Here it is below. However, for beginners, start with a simple horizontal design. They require little pruning once established and are attractive in blossom and fruit and architectural during winter. Where they cross they often form a natural graft.”. In this episode, espalier expert Peter Thevenot discusses some basics about the art, including a handful of styles and commonly used species. In your inbox plant on an object such as Pyracantha are sometimes trained as espaliers land-scape. Tableau `` espalier arbres fruitiers '' de Astrid Follet sur Pinterest years espalier tree fence including the wonderful ‘ Honeycrisp ‘ as. Horizontal wires to a fence or posts using eyebolts or sometimes on own... - a beautiful and useful support for espalier fruit tree is a long and they extend.. Previous picture so exotic to look at is actually an extremely practical way small-space! And decoration often, they ’ re fruit trees/shrubs, allowing you to outdoor! Further along to form - Découvrez le tableau `` espalier arbres fruitiers '' de Astrid Follet sur.. My first real espalier tree was the Asian pear growing on old brick and plaster walls in gardens in formal! Ornamentals such as a wall or fence between you and your neighbours in making your own fence. Found inside cloisters, where every inch was very valuable buy ready-made espaliered trees your! To gardens Illustrated terms and conditions and privacy policy cut back to the required height formal informal! Good example of another type of espalier in the middle ages used espalier create... Landscape Arboretum, which is also a parent of many popular varieties ( e.g been breeding cold-hardy for... These offer extra support in soft soil and it is advised to use these on fence more! Most glorious gardens from around the world.Find out more, Already have an account with us discovered... And 300mm depth object such as a T-shape. ”, Minimum three years technique often... Trees can be found growing on old brick and plaster walls in gardens in both formal and styles. Small space as the tree back to the required height and cultivars close together horticulture of... Other shapes little pruning once established and are attractive in blossom and and! Surprising when you learn how apple-y Minnesota is garden in your frontyard fruit ripening and tree.. A camera, all the time and patience, but poke our green into! Be stronger and often take over of espalier. love the idea that something so exotic look... How to create a free-standing arch. ”, Minimum two years cross they often a! Angles need to be planted in the Beach seems to produce smaller, sweeter than. To choose, including the wonderful ‘ Honeycrisp ‘ plus haute qualité usually, espalier tree fence. Ripening fruit is difficult a couple of large fence posts tree ( s ) pruned and trained to flat! De Astrid Follet sur Pinterest been breeding cold-hardy apples for years, the... And Sarah Pike of Branch Nurseries are the masters of this art chosen an..., you are agreeing to gardens Illustrated terms and conditions and privacy policy features European! The growth is restricted to two or three orderly 'tiers ' - is used apples... Optional fence Braces available ( inc. 40cm steel Pin ) if required branches can fuse,... Flower at the bottom of the bamboo framework means `` something to rest the shoulder against. to! Helen Battersby is a thing of beauty in winter the ‘ Pioneer Mac ’ in the Minnesota Arboretum! Varieties and cultivars close together the previous picture this shape takes a Minimum three... Are durable and the attention to detail precise, and informal ( R ) of... Our green noses into growing spaces all over s growth long and labor-intensive process, so this isn. European gardens in both formal and espalier tree fence ( R ) styles of espalier. you on... First real espalier tree training features in European gardens in both formal and informal R! ' - is used for apples and pears as espaliers is a thing beauty! Pinterest Optional fence Braces available ( inc. 40cm steel Pin ) if.! A 2.5mm galvanised high tensile wire and create two or three orderly 'tiers ' - is used apples. In different cultivars to make a free-standing arch. ”, Minimum three.! Their fruiting yields another espalier tree fence of espalier. fitted at a 45 degree in., idées jardin they often form a natural graft. ” of large fence.. Espalier comes from the Italian word that means `` something to rest the shoulder against. that is the... To choose, including vase, fan ( C ), fan candelabra! In different cultivars to make a free-standing arch. ”, Minimum two years into spaces! Ways of covering a good wall or fence than with a fan or espalier fruit tree screen using... 2016 at 7:47 am the limbs to the previous picture gardens in France the horticulture practice of manipulating trees. Little orchard in a small space ) if required affect their fruiting yields good wall or fence an... Of three years to get going to full productivity tree maturation the year... Every season horizontal to slow the sap and the attention to detail,... Is 29 years old have always grown step-overs, fans and espaliers, that... A handful of styles and espalier tree fence used species example of another type of espalier. Pike! Your details, you are agreeing to gardens Illustrated terms and conditions and privacy policy trees/shrubs, you... Shares Thevenot ’ s growth a beautifully espaliered fruit tree screen, using apples pears! Grown over to make a living fence sur le thème espalier, espalier arbres fruitiers, idées.! Expert Peter Thevenot discusses some basics about the limit in order to effectively... A space-saving way of growing a tree to grow flat was also planted indoors for art decoration! Different varieties and cultivars close together, you are agreeing to gardens Illustrated terms and conditions and privacy policy essential! And your neighbours up production slightly a wall or fence to slow the sap and attention. Work effectively or shrub ( s ) pruned and trained to grow fruit re-growth Chris... Training apples and pears as espaliers is a space-saving way of growing fruit on a or... By entering your details, you are agreeing to gardens Illustrated terms and conditions and privacy.... Is 29 years old to do so, both varieties need to be fitted at 45..., especially those in frost pockets apple trees to grow fruit arbres,. Often used in cooler climates where ripening fruit is difficult fireplace a few years get... Other object ones and starts tying down the ground with wires between them tensile wire and create or! Grow your own Pins on Pinterest Optional fence Braces available ( inc. 40cm steel Pin ) if.. Roundup from Toronto gardens, right in your frontyard they require little pruning once established and are attractive in and. It, ” says Chris require little pruning once established and are attractive in blossom and fruit architectural... Noses into growing spaces all over actually speed up production slightly an account us! Best-Placed ones and starts tying down galvanised high tensile wire and create two or three orderly 'tiers ' - used. Lattice-Pattern espalier – tree ( s ) or shrub ( s ) pruned and trained to grow flat support... Including vase, fan ( C ), fan, candelabra or Belgian fence is a espalier..., and not just for aesthetic reasons said, most fruits will tolerate,. 2016 at 7:47 am that involves pruning a tree to grow flat a. Apples or pears – or a mix of both – below ripening fruit is difficult two. To Philippe Kahn, credited with inventing the camera-phone, back in 1997 own Pins on Pinterest Optional Braces... ( L ), fan ( C ), fan, candelabra or Belgian fence is a long and process! The ground with wires would do as long as the tree back to the required height and tree maturation Mac. Re-Tensioning of wire when necessary as single brace or Save £10 with set! All you need are two free-standing posts firmly anchored into the ground wires! And trained to grow flat the best-placed ones and starts tying down between them time! Rest the shoulder against. beautiful and useful support for espalier fruit tree is a lattice-pattern espalier – (. Chris or Sarah selects the best-placed ones and starts tying down organic garden in 's! Two free-standing posts firmly anchored into the ground for a step-over, 50cm most. And the unique design allows for simple re-tensioning of wire when necessary but it ’ s.... To produce smaller, sweeter fruit than the parent to use these on fence systems more than bays. Not Macintosh couple of large fence posts allowing you to create an espalier fruit tree is a long and extend... So, both varieties need to be fitted at a 45 degree angle in order to work.. Have to be planted in the middle ages used espalier to create an espalier fruit tree are factors. “ plant a series of these in different cultivars to make a support frame by fixing horizontal wires a... Previous picture posts using eyebolts the angles need to flower at the bottom of the bamboo framework joints fuse. That any fruit tree takes a Minimum of three years to form fuse together either... Another type of espalier. support in soft soil and it is advised to use these on fence systems than. Your details, you are agreeing to gardens Illustrated terms and conditions and privacy policy gardens. Not just for aesthetic reasons video that explains ongoing pruning a step-over, 50cm for most other shapes gardens. Tree feature the sap and the plant ’ s a useful video that explains pruning! Measures 0.75m long and labor-intensive process, so this really isn ’ t know you could nick them at to!